Woodpeckers and Owls of Bielaviežškaja Pušča

the Belarusian part of Białowieża Forest World Heritage site

available from 15th March to 15th April each year

Pygmy Owl (G. Mindlin)

DAY 1: Transfer from Minsk airport to Bielaviežškaja Pušča National Park

The Belarusian part of this ancient forest is much larger and even wilder than the famous Białowieża Forest in Poland.

Bielaviežškaja Pušča (A. Bolbot)

DAY 2: Visiting natural old-growth forests of Bielaviežškaja Pušča

In the morning we will walk into the protected forests of Bielaviežškaja Pušča. 

Bielaviežškaja Pušča is home to all ten European Woodpeckers species. The calls of Black Woodpeckers ring out through the forest, where Middle-spotted and Green Woodpeckers forage in oak woodland. Old alder forests with many dead trees are the habitat of White-backed Woodpecker while the Three-toed prefers taiga-like conifer forests. Lesser-spotted and Grey-headed Woodpeckers can be observed in deciduous forests near small rivers: both often make nest holes in willow tree trunks. Great Spotted Woodpeckers are common while Syrian Woodpeckers, as a synanthropic species, can only be found in the local villages. Wryneck, the only European woodpecker to undertake long distance migrations, might be back to the national park by the time of our trip.

Three-toed Woodpecker (E. Zadiraka)

Hazel Grouse is a common bird of Bielaviežškaja Pušča, although it likes to hide in short spruce trees and dense low bushes. The enchanting woodlands conceal elusive Pygmy and Tengmalm’s Owls – but there is a good chance that we will hear and perhaps see both species.

Tengmalm’s Owl (G. Mindlin)

DAY 3: Liasnaja Pravaja river flood plain and surroundings

Today we will explore the Liasnaja Pravaja River. In early spring thousands of migrating geese, ducks and waders stop to rest along the river flood plain where waders including Black-tailed Godwit, Curlew, Golden Plover and Ruff can be observed in large numbers. On the fields and pastures near the river is a Black Grouse lek where about 10 males gather each year. In the early morning and at dusk Short-eared Owls can be seen hunting over the reeds and sedges along the riverbanks. Nutcracker and Black Woodpecker live in an adjacent spruce-and-pine forest, while at sunset, if we are lucky, we may see an Eagle Owl flying out of the marshy black alder forest to hunt, or hear birds hooting from the edge of the forest.

Black Grouse (T. Leventis)

DAY 4: Dzikoje Fen and surroundings

Today we will visit Dzikoje, one of the biggest fens in Europe — a habitat that barely exists in Western Europe. Preserved in its natural state, it is a breeding ground for Great Grey Owl and Greater Spotted Eagle. Dzikoje, together with Bielaviežškaja Pušča, are the only places among more than 20 breeding sites in Belarus for Greater Spotted Eagle where numbers are increasing—a sure sign that rewilding efforts are proving successful. During migration, numerous Cranes rest on the open marshes, and there are always some which stay and breed here. Black Storks make their nests on the islands of forest in the marsh far from human settlements, but often the birds feed on the fields or soil-reclamation canals. At the edge of the fen there is a complex of small ponds, a perfect place for observing the White-tailed Eagles that hunt fish and waterbirds here, while Great Bitterns boom in the reedbeds.

Great Grey Owl (D. Mikesova)

DAY 5: Transfer from Bielaviežškaja Pušča to Minsk

Common Crane (grusgrus444)

European Bison (V. Lukšyc)


Other possible species: Mute Swan, Whooper Swan, Greylag Goose, Mallard, Gadwall, Pintail, Shoveler, Wigeon, Teal, Garganey, Pochard, Tufted Duck, Goldeneye, Grey Partridge, Black-necked Grebe, Little Grebe, Great Crested Grebe, Cormorant, Great Egret, Grey Heron, White Stork, Black Kite, Marsh Harrier, Common Buzzard, Sparrowhawk, Goshawk, Kestrel, Water Rail, Moorhen, Coot, Little Ringed Plover, Lapwing, Wood Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Redshank, Woodcock, Snipe, Black-headed Gull, Common Gull, Caspian Gull, Feral Pigeon, Stock Dove, Wood Pigeon, Collared Dove, Long-eared Owl, Tawny Owl, Kingfisher, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Skylark, Crested Lark, Woodlark, Meadow Pipit, White Wagtail, Dunnock, Robin, Black Redstart, Song Thrush, Fieldfare, Blackbird, Goldcrest, Firecrest, Wren, Great Tit, Blue Tit, Crested Tit, Marsh Tit, Willow Tit, Coal Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Bearded Reedling, Penduline Tit, Nuthatch, Treecreeper, Great Grey Shrike, Magpie, Jay, Jackdaw, Rook, Hooded Crow, Raven, Starling, House Sparrow, Tree Sparrow, Chaffinch, Linnet, Goldfinch, Greenfinch, Siskin, Hawfinch, Reed Bunting.

Possible mammals: European Bison, Red Deer, Elk

Every tour includes:

  • itinerary and programme adapted to your wishes
  • an English-speaking guide from your arrival to your departure
  • local guides and topic experts
  • entrance fees to parks and reserves
  • inland transportation in a modern vehicle
  • accommodation (comfortable en-suite double/twin rooms)
  • three main meals (unless you prefer otherwise)

Not included:

  • return flights to/from Minsk*

*Direct flights between London and Minsk are operated by the national airline “Belavia” on Wednesday, Friday and Sunday.


  • Citizens of 80 states (EU, USA, etc.) can stay in Belarus visa-free for up to 30 days if they come and leave via Minsk National Airport

Travelling with us you make a difference!

All our profits are reinvested in nature conservation in Belarus. Booking through us means you are supporting the work that APB-BirdLife Belarus does to look after the birds and habitats you are going to see!

Ground price*:  

*price depends on the size of the group. Contact us to learn more!